Home Business Intelligence Multi-Tenant Structure: What You Want To Know

Multi-Tenant Structure: What You Want To Know

Multi-Tenant Structure: What You Want To Know


Multi-tenant structure, also called multitenancy, has grow to be an more and more necessary idea in immediately’s utility growth paradigm, largely because of the growth in cloud computing and software-as-a-service (SaaS) enterprise fashions. The place SaaS permits us to ship functions over the web as a service, multitenancy permits firms to develop and scale functions sooner and extra effectively by permitting them to share assets amongst totally different customers.

However what precisely is multitenancy and why are firms constructing their functions utilizing multi-tenant structure? Right here we reply these questions and introduce the principle advantages of multi-tenant structure.

What Is Multi-Tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure is a design strategy that allows a number of person teams — known as tenants — entry to at least one occasion of an utility or system. That is very similar to an condominium constructing, the place varied tenants have their very own flats. All of the flats are non-public and safe however share the identical infrastructure.

Apartment block as an example of multitenancy
An condominium block for instance of multitenancy

Any such structure permits firms to economize on infrastructure prices by utilizing the identical {hardware} assets for a number of situations of the identical utility for a number of tenants. It’s particularly useful for SaaS firms as a result of it permits them to scale their functions and stay cost-effective.

How Does Multi-Tenant Structure Work?

Multi-tenant structure creates distinct, remoted environments inside a single bodily infrastructure, reminiscent of a digital machine, server, or cloud platform. That is completed by partitioning the info storage and processing; offering every tenant with their very own devoted area within the system. A tenant interacts with the appliance and might entry their very own knowledge.

Tenants refers to:

  • Customers and person teams inside your organization (departments, groups, particular person staff)
  • Customers and person teams outdoors your organization (distributors, enterprise companions)
  • Clients (subscribers or shoppers) who buy your product

As a result of each multi-tenant setting is separated from each other, they are often personalized to fulfill the wants of every particular person tenant with out impacting different environments. Tenants can personalize options reminiscent of person interface design and knowledge safety settings for his or her setting. Moreover, totally different units of guidelines will be utilized to every area by way of entry management, useful resource allocation, and have availability.

How Is Multi-Tenant Structure Completely different From Single-Tenant Structure?

The principle distinction between multitenancy and single-tenancy is how they deal with useful resource sharing throughout a number of customers or tenants. In single-tenant structure, every tenant has a devoted occasion with their very own set of {hardware} and software program assets. This implies every person group should pay for their very own {hardware} and software program prices, in addition to any upkeep prices related to working a devoted occasion for every tenant.

Single-tenant vs. multi-tenant architecture
Single-tenant vs. multi-tenant structure

In multi-tenant structure, tenants share a single set of {hardware} and software program assets. This ends in decrease overhead prices since upkeep charges are shared throughout all person teams who make the most of these shared assets.

The desk beneath exhibits the principle variations between single-tenant and multi-tenant structure.

Single-tenant structure Multi-tenant structure
Every tenant has a devoted occasion of the appliance and its assets A number of tenants share a single occasion of the appliance and its assets
Scaling requires provisioning and managing particular person situations for every tenant Simpler scalability as a number of tenants will be accommodated inside a single occasion
Safer attributable to remoted environments Safety measures contain guaranteeing knowledge isolation and stopping unauthorized entry
Much less cost-efficient: {hardware} and software program for every person is paid individually Extra cost-efficient due to shared infrastructure and platform
Impartial upkeep and upgrades for every tenant’s occasion Centralized upkeep, updates, and upgrades that apply to all tenants
Slower deployment: every tenant requires particular person setup and configuration Quicker deployment: new tenants will be added throughout the present setup

Be aware that with single-tenancy there are sometimes extra complexities associated to managing totally different variations of code throughout a number of situations. Firms can face a scenario the place totally different tenants use totally different variations of the appliance. Whereas with multitenancy, all customers use a single model of code, which significantly simplifies administration over time —  updates will be deployed throughout all customers robotically as a substitute of getting them utilized individually.

What Are the Advantages of Multi-tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure affords a number of advantages for companies trying to transfer their functions to the cloud or deploy SaaS options. A few of the most notable benefits embrace:


With one utility with the ability to serve a number of tenants, firms can simply scale up or down rapidly and effectively with out managing a number of devoted programs. This scalability makes it a lot simpler to accommodate seasonal spikes in demand or regulate utilization primarily based on buyer wants.

Price Financial savings

Multitenancy permits firms to scale back prices by leveraging shared assets as a substitute of getting separate programs devoted to at least one tenant at a time. This implies companies needn’t spend money on extra servers or {hardware} to fulfill buyer calls for, serving to to economize in the long term.

Elevated Effectivity

Multi-tenant structure will increase effectivity by permitting a number of tenants to share assets reminiscent of compute energy and cupboard space with out sacrificing efficiency. This makes it simpler for companies to handle giant workloads with out having to spend money on extra {hardware} or software program licenses.

Straightforward Upkeep/Administration

Multi-tenant structure is far simpler to take care of and handle than single-tenant structure as a result of all tenants share the identical underlying codebase and platform. This implies companies don’t have to fret about managing a number of variations of their utility throughout totally different platforms — they will give attention to managing one model throughout all tenants.


In multi-tenant structure, tenants can customise their assigned setting to fulfill their particular person wants and preferences by establishing distinctive configurations, choices, and branding. This permits tenants to successfully use the shared multi-tenant utility for his or her particular use circumstances, reminiscent of filtering knowledge by totally different branches or areas and creating specified metrics and dashboards.

Tenant Privateness

Every tenant receives entry to a devoted area the place they will analyze their knowledge and think about their dashboards. This area can both be separated from different tenants’ entry or accessible to a licensed person group; the place every tenant is restricted by their assigned position and devoted permission with the intention to handle the analytics setting.

What Are the Disadvantages of Multi-tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure continues to achieve reputation amongst SaaS firms. However, it is very important notice that alongside its quite a few benefits, there are some disadvantages that require cautious consideration.

Safety Points If Incorrectly Applied

Poorly carried out multitenancy can result in points reminiscent of unauthorized entry and knowledge misuse. To nullify such threats, these functions require cautious design and administration to make sure tenant isolation and safe knowledge storage.

Crucial factor is to authorize the entry of finish customers. Purposes that can be utilized for this goal embrace Okta, Auth0, and Azure Energetic Listing. Such functions allow organizations to handle authentication, authorization, and identification administration capabilities.

Extra Information Necessities

Serving a number of shoppers in a single occasion of an utility/database means implementing extra logic for tenant separation, knowledge filtering, and tenant identification to make sure correct knowledge isolation and safety. If the setup of a multi-tenant setting is well-documented and the required assets are made accessible to prospects, it may well doubtlessly assist cut back the information required throughout the setup course of. Nevertheless, if prospects encounter any difficulties or have questions, it is necessary that the appliance suppliers have a crew of execs prepared to help and tackle buyer points.

System Outages

Multi-tenant functions rely closely on the appliance supplier for upkeep and upgrades. Any technical points that come up on the supplier’s aspect can doubtlessly affect all tenants, affecting points reminiscent of service availability, system upgrades, and different world processes.

To mitigate points, many suppliers select to construct their functions as a set of microservices which might be deployed, for instance, in Kubernetes — an open supply platform that automates the deployment, scaling, and administration of containerized functions. Microservice structure can deliver advantages reminiscent of scalability, fault isolation, and impartial deployment. This might help reduce outages that have an effect on finish customers and make sure the clean operation of the appliance.

Multi-Tenant Structure Examples

A very good instance of multi-tenant structure is in cloud computing and software-as-a-service functions. Public clouds reminiscent of Amazon Internet Companies (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) present the identical infrastructure for a number of totally different customers concurrently. Every buyer can handle their very own digital machines, cupboard space, databases, and so forth., of their cloud occasion, however can not entry different prospects’ providers or knowledge.

Equally, SaaS functions like Gmail, Dropbox, and Netflix permit a number of prospects to make use of a single occasion with out compromising different customers’ experiences. Once we learn emails in Gmail, save information in Dropbox, or watch our favourite present on Netflix, numerous different customers are doing the identical factor on the similar time. But they continue to be invisible to us and vice versa — that is the ability of multitenancy.

Multi-Tenant Structure in Analytics

Multi-tenant analytics is a sort of analytics use case that leverages multi-tenant structure. Analytics and enterprise intelligence platforms that help multitenancy permit firms to share dashboards and report capabilities to totally different person teams in a safe and cost-efficient manner whereas using the identical assets.

Multi-tenant analytics and BI architecture
Multi-tenant analytics and BI structure

A very good instance of it is a B2B firm that gives analytics to all of its prospects utilizing a multi-tenant analytics platform. The corporate can present every buyer with their very own remoted occasion of the analytics — with knowledge solely related to them. All prospects share the identical platform and its assets, however can not entry one another’s knowledge. The corporate can simply create a brand new analytics setting every time it must onboard a brand new buyer. Updates like new metrics, visualizations, or dashboard designs will be pushed out rapidly and simply throughout all buyer situations, streamlining the administration and scaling of the analytics.

Multi-Tenant Structure and GoodData

GoodData’s analytics and enterprise intelligence platform is designed for constructing multi-tenant analytics functions. The platform makes use of workspace structure to make sure and allow the multi-tenant use case.

A workspace is a logical container for person teams to research and visualize knowledge. Every person group, reminiscent of totally different departments, companions, or prospects, has its personal devoted workspace containing all the needed parts — a logical knowledge mannequin, user-access administration, metrics, charts, dashboards, and extra. This permits them to rapidly and simply entry, analyze, and ship actionable insights from their knowledge.

Analytics workspaces in GoodData
Workspace hierarchy in GoodData

These analytical workspaces are utterly remoted from each other; customers in a single workspace can not view the info and analytics of different workspaces until they’re granted permission. Moreover, GoodData’s workspaces can help limitless customers with out incurring further prices, making it straightforward to scale analytics in a safe and cost-effective vogue.

Need To Attempt It Your self?

In case you are searching for a multi-tenant answer to your analytics, why not register for the free GoodData trial and see how straightforward it’s to create a multi-tenant setting your self?

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